Waterhammer Analysis of Pipelines

by Victor L. Streeter,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1964, Vol. 90, Issue 4, Pg. 151-172

Document Type: Journal Paper


An analysis of the hydraulic transients in pipelines caused by failure of power to pumps is undertaken in this paper, using dimensionless-homologous pump data and the method of characteristics equations for a waterhammer. The equations are solved by means of a high-speed digital computer. To illustrate the analysis, a pumping station is located in a pipeline between two reservoirs. In the station are a number of identical, parallel pumps. Any number of the pumps may suddenly lose their power. A valve may be located at each pump discharge and may be closed in an arbitrary manner (or as a check valve) when triggered by the loss of power. The effects of large friction heads as compared with large gravity heads are examined, together with the effects of diameter change and valve closure timing.

Subject Headings: Pumps | Pumping stations | Valves | Water hammer | Failure analysis | Power outage | Pipelines | Hydraulic transients

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