Analytical Methods in Transportation: Operations Research in Tunnel Traffic Control

by Leslie C. Edie,

Serial Information: Journal of the Engineering Mechanics Division, 1963, Vol. 89, Issue 6, Pg. 15-28

Document Type: Journal Paper

Abstract: The behavior of vehicular traffic in the Hudson River Tunnels has been the subject of intensive scientific research by the Port of New York Authority for the past six years, and it continues to be so today (1963). The theoretical and experimental methods of operations research used in this study have yielded a better understanding of how traffic behaves and interacts with the tunnel itself. A control system based on this understanding has improved traffic flow in peak periods, by reducing back-ups and delays at the tunnel entrance and heavy concentrations of vehicles inside the tunnel; by eliminating shock waves emanating from bottlenecks and the consequent stop-and-go driving and reduced rates of flow; by increasing speeds; by reducing rates of breakdowns and accidents; and by reducing the emission of exhaust fumes. How this is done and the quantitive results obtained are examined.

Subject Headings: Tunnels | Traffic analysis | Transportation studies | Traffic flow | Vehicles | Traffic congestion | Traffic accidents | Control systems | Traffic delay | Traffic speed | North America | Hudson River | United States | New York

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