Pan American Passenger Terminal at Idlewild Airport

by Walther Prokosch,


Serial Information: Journal of the Aero-Space Transport Division, 1963, Vol. 89, Issue 1, Pg. 67-88


Document Type: Journal Paper

Abstract: The design of a passenger terminal for operation exclusively by jet aircraft posed a number of unusual design problems. These were increased by the requirement of having a cantilevered roof to afford shelter for aircraft parked at the terminal. Analyses were undertaken to investigate the aerodynamic characteristics of the roof. Acoustical model tests determined design criteria for noise control within the building. Wind tunnel tests established the feasibility of the largest air curtain built to date. The plan of the terminal is presented with a description of the factors on which it is based. These include minimum walking distance for passengers, economical parking layout for aircraft, and direct lines of movement for passengers and baggage. To provide efficient one-level loading, a passenger ramp (jetway) was designed, the principal characteristics of which are its low cost, small size, and maneuverability. Nose-in parking is used at this terminal for the first time. This pattern of operation appears to be successful because it reduces apron space requirements, reduces walking space for passengers, and is simple in operation.

Subject Headings: Passengers | Aircraft and spacecraft | Roofs | Model tests | Building design | Parking facilities | Space exploration | Cantilevers

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