Transition from Laminar to Turbulent Flow in a Pipe

by M. R. Carstens, Assoc. Prof.; School of Civ. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, Ga.,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1957, Vol. 83, Issue 6, Pg. 1-30

Document Type: Journal Paper

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Transition experimentally observed during flow establishment in smooth straight pipe; turbulence originated as spots; downstream face of turbulent spots was transported with centerline velocity of preceding laminar flow; turbulent spot formation was in qualitative agreement with Tollmein-Schlichting theory of small disturbances.

Subject Headings: Turbulent flow | Laminar flow | Pipe flow | Pipelines | Fluid velocity | Agreements and treaties | Rivers and streams | Turbulence

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