Environmental Assessment in Ontario, Canada

by Frederick A. Curtis, Asst. Prof.; School of Urban and Regional Planning, Queen's Univ., Kingston, Ont., Canada,

Serial Information: Journal of the Urban Planning and Development Division, 1981, Vol. 107, Issue 1, Pg. 1-17

Document Type: Journal Paper


The environmental assessment process in Ontario, Canada, is described and critiqued as an anticipatory, comprehensive planning process required for all public and designated major private projects. With examples from National Environmental Policy Act (1969) litigation, the discussion indicates that goals of comprehensiveness and objectivity may not be fully realized, partly due to a number of interpretative problems identified in The Environmental Assessment Act (Ontario, 1975). In addition, a review of the environmental assessment and project approvals process infers that the process may be difficult to administrate and coordinate. An examination of the future direction of environmental assessment reveals an attempt, at the municipal level, to integrate environmental assessment with existing planning and environmental legislation.

Subject Headings: Environmental issues | Sustainable development | Private sector | Litigation | Local government | Legislation | Canada | Ontario

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