Seismic Effectiveness of Tuned Mass Dampers

by Amir M. Kaynia, Grad. Student; Mass. Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, Mass. 02139,
John M. Biggs, (M.ASCE), Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Mass. Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, Mass. 02139,
Daniele Veneziano, (A.M.ASCE), Assoc. Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Mass. Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, Mass. 02139,

Serial Information: Journal of the Structural Division, 1981, Vol. 107, Issue 8, Pg. 1465-1484

Document Type: Journal Paper


Time history analysis of 1DOF systems with and without a tuned mass damper, subjected to a set of historical earthquakes, shows that the peak response ratio (ratio between the peak responses with and without damper) depends primarily on damping constants and on earthquake duration. The same analysis reveals that response ratio values are widely scattered and that the mean response ratio in underestimated by conventional stationary random vibration calculations. Improvement is obtained by considering response movement and broadening of the response spectral density function caused by the damper. Based on these considerations, a probabilistic model is developed that gives the distribution of peak response of buildings modified by addition of a tuned mass damper in terms of the same distribution for the unmodified structures. For elastic systems tuned mass dampers have small antiseismic effectiveness.

Subject Headings: Seismic tests | Seismic effects | Damping | System analysis | Earthquakes | Professional societies | Probability distribution | Elastic analysis

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