River Thermal Standards Costs in Upper Midwest

by Thomas E. Croley, II, (M.ASCE), Research Hydro.; Great Lakes Environmental Engrg. Lab., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U. S. Dept. of of Commerce, 2300 Washtenaw Ave., Ann Arbor, Mich. 48108; formerly, Assoc. Prof. and Research Engr., Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Iowa Inst. of Hydr. Research, Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa,
Robert A. Woodhouse, Water Research Engr.; Bechtel, Inc., San Francisco, Calif.,
Arthur R. Giaquinta, Adunct Asst. Prof. and Research Engr.; Dept. of Mech. Engrg., Iowa Inst. of Hydr. Research, Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242,

Serial Information: Journal of the Energy Division, 1981, Vol. 107, Issue 1, Pg. 65-77

Document Type: Journal Paper


Thermodynamic and economic models are combined to evaluate river thermal standards. Existing and hypothetical thermal regulations, including the extreme cases of no thermal standards and no allowable heated discharges, are examined to show the dependence of power-production-related cooling costs and water consumption on thermal standards. A critical appraisal of the cost of thermal standards in terms of water consumption and other expenses is thereby possible. This enables subjective assessments of the standards to proceed with full knowledge of the tradeoffs involved between the costs of power production and environmental impacts. Results are presented for existing and proposed power plants located along the Missouri and Upper Mississippi Rivers in the Midcontinent Area Power Pool (MAPP) geographical area.

Subject Headings: Thermal pollution | Power plants | Rivers and streams | Thermal effects | Thermal analysis | Water discharge | Economic factors | Hydrologic models | Missouri | United States | Mississippi River

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