Hierarchy Model of Construction Productivity

by Joseph C. Kellogg, (M.ASCE), Pres.; Kellogg Corp., 5601 South Broadway, Suite 400, Littleton, Colo. 80121,
Donald C. Taylor, (F.ASCE), Principal; Construction Industry Research and Tech., Inc., Littleton, Colo.,
George E. Howell, Div. Mgr.; Management Services, Kellogg Corp., 5601 South Broadway, Suite 400, Littleton, Colo. 80121,

Serial Information: Journal of the Construction Division, 1981, Vol. 107, Issue 1, Pg. 137-152

Document Type: Journal Paper


A key factor in our current economic picture is the declining productivity of our work force. An analysis of productivity issues suggested that the problem should be addressed as a continuum from project conception to completion, rather than only at the field construction stage. A model is presented which reviews a hierarchy of productivity on five distinct levels: policy formation, program management, planning/design, project management/administration, and site construction. The hierarchy model was tested by representatives of all facets of the industry — owners, contractors, insurers and bankers, managers and planners. The perceived concensus was that the model expressed the productivity problem and was a good conceptual step toward analyzing it.

Subject Headings: Project management | Construction management | Economic factors | Productivity | Construction sites | Employees | Continuum mechanics | Industries

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