Residential Water Conservation

by J. Ernest Flack, (F.ASCE), Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Univ. of Colorado, Campus Box 428, Boulder, Colo. 80309,

Serial Information: Journal of the Water Resources Planning and Management Division, 1981, Vol. 107, Issue 1, Pg. 85-95

Document Type: Journal Paper


Severe pressures on many urban water utilities are the result of water shortages, high treatment costs, scarce supplies and rapid growth. Various water-conservation techniques can be used to reduce the demand for water by urban customers. These include restrictions on use, installation of water-saving devices, metering, horticultural changes, pressure reduction, reuse, and public education. The effects of metering, water-saving devices and price increases on residential water demand are explored for some typical communities. Secondary effects of conservation on revenue production and return flow are also discussed.

Subject Headings: Municipal water | Water conservation | Water shortage | Water treatment | Urban areas | Water pressure | Water demand | Lifeline systems

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