Random Thermal Stress in Concrete Containments

by Mahendra P. Singh, (M.ASCE), Assoc. Prof.; Dept. of Engrg. Sci. and Mechanics, Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, Va.,
Robert A. Heller, Prof.; Dept. of Engrg. Sci. and Mechanics, Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, Va.,


Serial Information: Journal of the Structural Division, 1980, Vol. 106, Issue 7, Pg. 1481-1496


Document Type: Journal Paper

Abstract: Currently, the overly conservative thermal design forces are obtained on the basis of simplified assumptions made about the temperature gradient across the containment wall. Using the method presented in this paper, a more rational and better estimate of the design forces can be obtained. Herein, the outside temperature is considered to consist of a constant mean on which yearly and daily harmonic changes plus a randomly varying part are superimposed. The random part is modeled as a stationary random process. To obtain the stresses due to random and harmonic temperatures, the complex frequency response function approach has been used. Numerical results obtained for a typical containment show that the higher frequency temperature variations, though of large magnitude, induce relatively small forces in a containment. Therefore, in a containment design, a rational separation of more effective, slowly varying temperatures, such as seasonal cycle from less effective but more frequently occuring daily and hourly changes, is desirable to obtain rational design forces.

Subject Headings: Temperature effects | Thermal loads | Thermal effects | Walls | Stationary processes | Numerical methods | Seasonal variations

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