Estimating Average Velocity in Gravel-Bed Rivers

by Dale I. Bray, (M.ASCE), Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Univ. of New Brunswick, Fredericton, N.B., Canada,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1979, Vol. 105, Issue 9, Pg. 1103-1122

Document Type: Journal Paper


Basic data from 67 gravel-bed river reaches in Alberta, Canada, are used to test widely adopted equations for computing average velocity in natural channels for the case of relatively high in-bank flows. Relations proposed by Cowan, Strickler, and Limerinos to estimate Manning's n are tested. The equations of the form presented by Keulegan and Lacey for computing average velocity are also evaluated. Computations based on these methods indicate that the Limerinos-Manning equation is the most acceptable approach for estimating average velocity in gravel-bed river reaches. The Lacey equation provides satisfactory results if no bed material data are available. The basic data are also used to develop best-fit relationships for computing Manning's n and the friction factor for gravel-bed river reaches. Particular emphasis is placed on an evaluation of the significance of bed material data in equations used to compute average velocity in gravel-bed river reaches.

Subject Headings: Bed materials | Hydrologic data | Fluid velocity | River and stream beds | Case studies | Channel flow | River flow | Computing in civil engineering | Alberta | Canada

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