Applicability of Kinematic and Diffusion Models

by Victor Miguel Ponce, (M.ASCE), Asst. Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, Colo.,
Daryl B. Simons, (F.ASCE), Assoc. Dean for Research and Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, Colo.,
Ruh-Ming Li, (M.ASCE), Assoc. Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, Colo.,


Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1978, Vol. 104, Issue 3, Pg. 353-360


Document Type: Journal Paper

Abstract: The applicability of the kinematic and diffusion models of open channel flow is assessed by comparing the propagation characteristics of sinusoidal perturbations to the steady uniform flow for the kinematic, diffusion, and dynamic models (the dynamic model is that based on the complete Saint Venant equations). The comparison allows the determination of inequality criteria that need to be satisfied if the kinematic or diffusion models are to simulate the physical phenomena within a prescribed accuracy. It is shown that bed slope and wave period (akin to wave duration in waves of shape other than sinusoidal) are the important physical characteristics in determining the applicability of the approximate models. Larger bed slopes or long wave periods, or both, will satisfy the inequality criteria. In practice, larger bed slopes are those of overland flow, and long wave periods are those corresponding to slow-rising flood waves.

Subject Headings: Long waves | Dynamic models | Kinematics | Diffusion | Hydraulic models | Open channel flow | Slopes

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