Estimating Utility Costs for Proposed Buildingsby Clayford T. Grimm, (M.ASCE), Assoc. Dir.; Center for Building Research, The Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, Tex.,
Serial Information: Journal of the Construction Division, 1977, Vol. 103, Issue 1, Pg. 87-99
Document Type: Journal Paper
Abstract: Buildings are constructed only when their anticipated value exceeds their estimated cost. Construction engineers should be as concerned with the accuracy of value estimates as they are with construction cost estimates. Value is determined largely by net spendable annual income generated by the project. This income is significantly influenced by operating costs, generally, and utility costs, specifically. Methods are presented for estimating annual utility costs for proposed buildings.
Subject Headings: Value engineering | Construction costs |
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