Social and Environmental Costs in Constructionby Enno Koehn, (M.ASCE), Assoc. Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Ohio Northern Univ., Ada, Ohio,
Serial Information: Journal of the Construction Division, 1976, Vol. 102, Issue 4, Pg. 593-597
Document Type: Journal Paper
The results of a survey designed to determine the percentage of construction costs spent for social and environmental controls is presented. Questionnaires were sent to a selected number of contractors appearing on The ENR 400 Contractors Compilation. The data indicate that 10.21% of the overall yearly construction cost is allocated for social and environmental controls. The corresponding yearly dollar amount for social and environmental controls is approximately –20,400,000,000.
Subject Headings: Social factors | Environmental issues | Construction costs | Contractors and subcontractors | Sustainable development | Surveys (non-geomatic)
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