Fate of Metals in Wastewater Discharge to Ocean

by Naresh K. Rohatgi, Consulting Engr.; CDM, Inc., Pasadena, Calif.,
Kenneth Y. Chen, (A.M.ASCE), Assoc. Prof.; Environmental Engrg. Program, Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, Calif.,


Serial Information: Journal of the Environmental Engineering Division, 1976, Vol. 102, Issue 3, Pg. 675-685


Document Type: Journal Paper

Abstract: Trace metals with sewage and sludge particulates from the City of Los Angeles Hyperion Treatment Plant are found to mobilize to a great extent from solids to seawater in the ocean environment. The fate of these metals and the amount of annual transport to the ocean are evaluated, based on: (1) Concentrations of trace metals in the wastewater particulates; (2) sediment metal concentrations in the proximity of sewer outfalls; (3) the degree of metal release from wastewater particulates upon mixing and dilution with seawater under laboratory conditions; and (4) the settling velocity of sewage and sludge particulates. More than 90% of trace metals, such as cadmium, copper, lead, nickel, and zinc in the sludge particulates are solubilized through biochemical reactions. A higher degree of solubilization from the mixture of primary and secondary effluents is observed.

Subject Headings: Ocean engineering | Metals (chemical) | Wastewater management | Water discharge | Sludge | Sea water | Solubility | Sewage | Urban areas | North America | California | Los Angeles | United States

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