Water Reclamation: Technology and Public Acceptance

by Ralph Stone, (F.ASCE), Pres.; Ralph Stone and Co., Inc., Los Angeles, Calif.,

Serial Information: Journal of the Environmental Engineering Division, 1976, Vol. 102, Issue 3, Pg. 581-594

Document Type: Journal Paper

Abstract: The social, economic, and technical practicability of wastewater reclamation was investigated for domestic agricultural, irrigational, recreational, and industrial reuses. Attitudes of the public in 10 Southern California case study communities towards wastewater reuse were obtained by a random sample of 1,000 households from each community, and socioeconomic correlates of these attitudes were ascertained. The attitudes of public officials concerned with water resources and experts in the field of water resources management and planning were assessed on a nationwide level; and the attitudes of industrial managers towards reclaiming wastewater were ascertained on a local (Southern California) level. The influence of local potable water quality parameters in affecting attitudes toward reuse was analyzed. Public health and other technical aspects of reclaiming wastewater were determined. Recommended treatment methods for various reuses were given. A cost-benefit model was presented that can determine the overall socioeconomic feasibility of reclaiming wastewater for a variety of alternative uses, taking into account differing local constraints likely to be encountered.

Subject Headings: Water reclamation | Water resources | Industrial wastes | Social factors | Municipal wastewater | Public opinions | Light rail transit | North America | California | United States

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