The Computer in Shell Stability Analysis

by Bo O. Almroth, Sr. Staff Scientist; Lockheed Palo Alto Research Lab., Palo Alto, Calif.,
James H. Starnes, Aerospace Engr.; NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va.,

Serial Information: Journal of the Engineering Mechanics Division, 1975, Vol. 101, Issue 6, Pg. 873-888

Document Type: Journal Paper

Abstract: Some examples in which the high-speed computer has been used to improve the static stability analysis capability for general shells are examined. The fundamental concepts of static stability are reviewed with emphasis on the differences between linear bifurcation buckling and nonlinear collapse. The analysis is limited to the stability of conservative systems. Three examples are considered. The problem of cylinders subjected to bending loads is used as an example to illustrate that a simple structure can have a sufficiently complicated nonlinear behavior to require a computer analysis for accurate results. An analysis of the problems involved in the modeling of stiffening elements in plate and shell structures illustrates the necessity that the analyst recognizes all important deformation modes. The stability analysis of the Skylab structure indicates the size of problems that can be solved with current state-of-the-art capability.

Subject Headings: Computer analysis | Structural analysis | Statics (mechanics) | Structural behavior | Linear functions | Bifurcations | Buckling | Cylinders |

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